Fiery kobolds are also called drakes, draches, or puks.
A tale from the Altmark, recorded by Anglo-Saxon scholar Benjamin Thorpe in 1852, describes the kobold as "a fiery stripe with a broad head, which he usually shakes from one side to the other..." A legend from the same period taken from Pechüle, near Luckenwald, says that the kobold flies through the air as a blue stripe and carries grain. Saintine, kobolds are the spirits of dead children and often appear with a knife that represents the means by which they were put to death. Gronin called our attention to the steady light, round, and about the size of a cheese plate, which appeared suddenly on the wall of the little garden directly opposite the door of the hut in which we sat.
This may indicate a common origin for these creatures, or it may represent cultural borrowings and influences of European peoples upon one another.
Similarly, subterranean kobolds may share their origins with creatures such as gnomes and dwarves and the aquatic Klabautermann with similar water spirits.
Kobold beliefs mirror legends of similar creatures in other regions of Europe, and scholars have argued that the names of creatures such as goblins and kabouters derive from the same roots as kobold.Kobold beliefs are evidence of the survival of pagan customs after the Christianisation of Germany.Belief in kobolds dates to at least the 13th century, when German peasants carved kobold effigies for their homes.However, historians David Kirby and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen dispute this, claiming no evidence of such a belief in Britain.An alternate view connects the Klabautermann myths with the story of Saint Phocas of Sinope.
As that story spread from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea.