The original meaning of "carry off by force" is still found in some phrases, such as "rape and pillage", or in titles, such as the stories of the Rape of the Sabine Women and The Rape of Europa or the poem The Rape of the Lock, which is about the theft of a lock of hair.
Raptus described the abduction of a woman against the will of the man under whose authority she lived, and sexual intercourse was not a necessary element. In the US, a husband could not be charged with raping his wife until 1979.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority, or against a person who is incapable of giving valid consent, such as one who is unconscious, incapacitated, has an intellectual disability or is below the legal age of consent.
It recognizes that a victim can be incapacitated by drugs and alcohol and unable to give valid consent.
The definition does not change federal or state criminal codes or impact charging and prosecution on the federal, state or local level; it rather means that rape will be more accurately reported nationwide.
The rape of Lucretia started events that led to the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom and establishment of the Roman Republic, as well as her suicide.
Verbalized 'no' to sex may be interpreted as 'keep trying', or even 'yes' by offenders.
The rate of reporting, prosecuting and convicting for rape varies between jurisdictions.
Internationally, the incidence of rapes recorded by the police during 2008 ranged, per 100,000 people, from 0.2 in Azerbaijan to 92.9 in Botswana with 6.3 in Lithuania as the median.
Once widely accepted or ignored by law, spousal rape is now denounced by international conventions and is increasingly criminalized.
Still, in many countries, spousal rape either remains legal, or is illegal but widely tolerated and accepted as a husband's prerogative.
Marital rape is not a prosecutable offense in at least 53 States.